Sugar and starch are not the best way to either start or end a day. But we Indians love our carbohydrates and sugar. Whether it is home cooked food or certified food brands, a lot of our foods contain tons of sugar and starch.
A diet high in sugary, starchy foods raises insulin levels, spikes our glucose, leads to fat storage, and starts the vicious cycle of glucose intolerance and diabetes.
One never saw these problems 30 years back. But here is how things are way different today:.
- India currently represents 49 % of the world’s diabetes burden
- We had an estimated 72 million cases in 2017, a figure expected to almost double to 134 million by 2045.
- Between the age-group of 20-79 years:
- there were 42.2 million undiagnosed cases in India in 2017.
- there were 24 million people with IGT (pre-diabetes) in India in 2017 and this is likely to go up to 41 million in 2045.
- Up to 2 % of women aged 15-19 years and 2.6 % aged 20-25 years had high or very high blood glucose levels. In men, this rose to 2.9 percent and 3.7 percent, respectively, according to data from the NFHS 2015-16.
- Currently, one in every four people under 25 has adult-onset diabetes, a condition more usually seen in 40-50-year-olds, according to the Indian Council of Medical Research’s youth diabetes registry.
What’s changed over the last three decades?
Economic growth.Long and stressful hours at work in many sectors.Sedentary lifestyles with little or no exercise. And to top it all the high loads of sugar and refined carbohydrates (starch and flour) added to our Indian diet.
Food has to be re-visited and used as a tool to manage diabetes and to keep blood glucose levels within medically approved limits. Food is not to be binged upon, but instead used as a weapon for maintaining lifelong physical and mental well being.
See a friendly, qualified nutritionist today and come up with a customized diabetic-friendly meal plan.
Death or Health. You Decide!