Diabetes is a disease of the pancreas. Pancreas produces the hormone insulin.
Diabetes mellitus is a disease that prevents your body from properly using the energy from the food you eat. Diabetes occurs in one of the following situations:
- The pancreas produces little insulin or no insulin.
- The pancreas make insulin, but the insulin made does not work as it should. This condition is called insulin resistance.
To better understand diabetes, it helps to know more about how your body uses food for energy (a process called metabolism).
Your body is made up of millions of cells. To make energy, the cells need food in a very simple form. When you eat or drink, much of the food is broken down into a simple sugar called glucose. Glucose provides the energy our body needs for daily activities.
The blood vessels and blood are the network that transport sugar from where it originates (in the stomach) or produced (in the liver), to the muscles or fat. Sugar cannot go into the cells by itself. This is where insulin comes in. The pancreas releases insulin into the blood, which serves as the catalyst that lets sugar into the cells for use as energy.
When sugar leaves the bloodstream and enters the cells, the blood sugar level is lowered. Without insulin the sugar cannot get into the body’s cells for use as energy. This causes sugar to rise. Too much sugar in the blood is called “hyperglycemia” (high blood sugar) or diabetes.
Cancer, heart disorders, diabetes account for 35% of deaths in India
In India, data from a massive screening exercise, used by the National Health Profile, 2018, showed incidence of diabetes rising by 128% to more than 30 lakh cases during 2017, as compared to 13.2 lakh in 2016.
When it’s about diabetes ignorance is sheer misery. You or anybody in your family could be diabetic. Get your diabetes diagnosis and tests done TODAY!