Life is sometimes a matter of luck. We can call it destiny or more religiously – God’s decision for us.

Likewise with respect to Diabetes too, we could get completely lucky and never get it. Or we could find ourselves to be severely diabetic. Fortunately there is a third possibility here called ‘Prediabetes’.

Prediabetes is a stage wherein one is still not a full blown Type 2 diabetic.  Prediabetes, also is commonly referred to as borderline diabetes and is a growing global problem that is closely tied to obesity.

If undiagnosed or untreated, prediabetes can develop into type 2 diabetes; which whilst treatable is currently not fully reversible.

Prediabetes is characterized by the presence of blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be classified as diabetes. Prediabetes may be referred to as impaired fasting glucose (IFT), if you have higher than normal sugar levels after a period of fasting, or as impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), if you have higher than normal sugar levels following eating.

What to expect from testing

  • Hemoglobin A1c: 5.7 to 6.4 percent indicates prediabetes (6.5 percent and up indicates diabetes)
  • Fasting blood sugar: 100 to 125 indicates prediabetes (126 and up indicates diabetes)
  • Glucose: 140 to 199 two hours after a glucose challenge indicates prediabetes (200 two hours after eating indicates diabetes)

Prediabetes is like being on ‘roller-skates’ – a critical stage in the development of diabetes, for it is at this point that relevant lifestyle choices can be made to turn it around. Early, decisive action can slow down or even halt the development of type 2 diabetes.

You or anybody in your family could be pre-diabetic.

Diagnosis or Delay. You Decide!